Nextcloud version: 16.0.4
Operating system and version: latest Raspbian 9 (Stretch) / Debian 9.9
Apache or nginx version: Apache 2.4.25
PHP version: 7.2.22
The issue you are facing:
Download and upload speeds max out at 15Mbit, even in LAN, instead of possible 100Mbit.
Detailed description/what I tried so far:
Since I setup my Raspberry 3B+ with Nextcloud last year, it’s generally running like a charm, but the performance was always something I wanted to have a closer look at one day.
Now the day came and I spent quite some time reading through all those useful tuning tips, especially those specifically targeting the setup on a Raspberry Pi. Thus, I applied
the “common” tweaks to speed up the performance: Install and activate Redis, adjust MySQL settings (see below), adjust OPCache settings, upgrade PHP7.1 to PHP7.2.
Afterwards, I monitored the performance when up- and downloading one big file via web browser access, WebDAV access and direct Samba fileshare in my local area network at home.
Results -> nothing really changed to before in terms of transfer speeds:
Web browser and WebDAV via SSL (as expected) exactly the same: very constant 14,9-15,4 MBit/s
Samba: 85-95 Mbit/s (which seems to be the maximum possible with my current setup)
Thus, to me it looks very much like there would be some sort of fixed limit / bottleneck when up-/downloading via Nextcloud. I know of course the Raspberry Pi is not a performance
monster - but still, shouldn’t there be a bit more performance possible considering the Samba performance? I monitored the hardware usage during the upload and the resources were
constantly used at around 5-25% with some very short CPU peaks at around 50-65% - that’s it. I also know that there’s a severe performance decrease when uploading a big number of
small files - thus I tried to find the maximum limit by only uploading one big file.
I tried to find comparisons of others using Nextcloud on the Raspberry Pi, but couldn’t really find much to be honest. The only thing I found is some other threads with a similar
topic, but they were never really solved in the end. (see Very Slow upload speed or File Uploads From Web Interface Limited to 10 Mbit/s)
Thus my main questions would be:
- Is this already the maximum speed possible on a Raspberry Pi, although the resources don’t seem to be used at even half of what they could?
- What could be the bottleneck? After trying around a lot and optimizing the “main suspects” (Memcaching, PHP, MySQL, OPCache), my only idea left would be SSL, could that be?
- If it should be SSL: I still don’t understand why the spare CPU power wouldn’t be used to speed things up a bit - any ideas for further optimization options?
Just FYI: I’m using Ethernet on the Pi and an 2,5" external HDD as data storage, thus I am aware that both are sharing the USB controller maximum speed. But still I guess the Samba file upload
shows what would be the final writing speed limitations of this setup.
Is this the first time you’ve seen this error?: N
Steps to replicate it:
- Open Nextcloud Website or WebDAV connection, upload or download a big file (around 500MB)
- Monitor network usage on Client laptop
- Repeat step 1 using Samba file share instead
- Monitor network usage on Client laptop and compare values
The output of your Nextcloud log in Admin > Logging:
No output during test period.
max_connections = 20 table_cache = 64 table_open_cache = 144 thread_concurrency = 10 sort_buffer_size = 512K net_buffer_length = 8K read_buffer_size = 256K read_rnd_buffer_size = 512K myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M query_cache_type = 1 query_cache_limit = 1M query_cache_size = 16777216 innodb_buffer_pool_size = 180M innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 1 innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 2M innodb_log_file_size = 8M innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1 innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50 innodb_large_prefix=true innodb_file_format=barracuda innodb_file_per_table=1 innodb_file_format_max=barracuda # Logging of slow queries --> No entries so far slow_query_log_file = /var/log/mysql/mariadb-slow.log long_query_time = 10 log_slow_rate_limit = 1000 log_slow_verbosity = query_plan log-queries-not-using-indexes
The output of your config.php file in
/path/to/nextcloud (make sure you remove any identifiable information!):
<?php $CONFIG = array ( 'instanceid' => 'INSTANCE_ID_HERE', 'passwordsalt' => 'PASSWORD_HERE', 'secret' => 'SECRET_HERE', 'trusted_domains' => array ( 0 => 'URL_0', 1 => 'URL_1', 2 => 'URL_2', 3 => 'URL_3', 4 => 'URL_4', 5 => 'URL_5', 6 => 'URL_6', ), 'datadirectory' => '/path/to/data/directory', 'overwrite.cli.url' => 'http://x.x.x.x/cloud', 'dbtype' => 'mysql', 'version' => '18.104.22.168', 'dbname' => 'DBNAME_HERE', 'dbhost' => 'localhost:3306', 'dbport' => '', 'dbtableprefix' => 'oc_', 'dbuser' => 'ADMIN_USER_HERE', 'dbpassword' => 'DBPASSWORD_HERE', 'installed' => true, 'forcessl' => true, 'forceSSLforSubdomains' => true, 'maintenance' => false, 'theme' => '', 'loglevel' => 2, 'updater.release.channel' => 'stable', 'mail_smtpmode' => 'smtp', 'mail_smtpsecure' => 'ssl', 'mail_smtpauthtype' => 'LOGIN', 'mail_from_address' => 'mail', 'mail_domain' => 'domain.de', 'mail_smtpauth' => 1, 'mail_smtphost' => 'smtp.domain.de', 'mail_smtpport' => '465', 'mail_smtpname' => 'firstname.lastname@example.org', 'mail_smtppassword' => 'SMTP_PASSWORD_HERE', 'memcache.local' => '\\OC\\Memcache\\Redis', 'memcache.locking' => '\\OC\\Memcache\\Redis', 'filelocking.enabled' => 'true', 'redis' => array ( 'host' => '/var/run/redis/redis.sock', 'port' => 0, 'timeout' => 0.0, ), 'mysql.utf8mb4' => true, );
The output of your Apache system log in
No relevant errors during the time of testing in logs error.log and access.log, just regular GET/POST/PUT/MOVE entries. Can be posted if considered as necessary.
I hope I provided as much detail as possible relevant to my questions and am just in general very interested in your opinion and experiences. If that’s the max speeds possible on a
Raspberry Pi, then so be it, still great. But if there’s still ideas and options/settings I didn’t consider that are limiting my setup, I would of course be happy to adjust them
and use the maximum speeds possible, especially since even my Internet connection would allow for up to 50 Mbit/s.
Thanks a lot for your answers already and in general to the team and great community behind Nextcloud - Keep up the great work!